Texas Drug Rehabs
Prevalence of Illicit Substance and Alcohol Use in Texas
The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) generates state-level estimates for 23 measures of substance use and mental health problems for four age groups: the entire state population over the age of 12 (12+); individuals age 12 to 17; individuals age 18 to 25; and individuals age 26 and older (26+). Since state estimates of substance use and abuse were first generated using the combined 2002-2003 NSDUHs and continuing until the most recent state estimates based on the combined 2005-2006 surveys, Texas has ranked among the 10 States with the lowest2 rates on the following measures.
|Texas is among those States with the lowest rates of the following:|
|Past Month Illicit Drug Use||12+, 12-17,18-25|
|Past Month Marijuana Use||All Age Groups|
|Past Year Marijuana Use||All Age Groups|
Despite the low prevalence of marijuana use in Texas, the prevalence of cocaine use in the age group 12 to 17 has demonstrated a rate among the highest in the country across all survey years.
Drug Abuse and Dependency in Texas
Questions in NSDUH are used to classify persons as being dependent on or abusing specific substances based on criteria specified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) (American Psychiatric Association, 1994).
Rates of past year abuse of or dependence on alcohol among all age groups have remained at or below the national rates for all age groups across all survey years, as have rates of past year dependence or abuse on illicit drugs.
Addiction Treatment in Texas
State treatment data for substance use disorders are derived from two primary sources—an annual one-day census in N-SSATS, and annual treatment admissions from the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS).4 In the 2006 N-SSATS survey, Texas showed a one-day census of 34,099 clients in treatment, 28,311 of whom (83%) were in outpatient treatment. Of the total number of clients in treatment on this date, 3,536 (11%) were under the age of 18.
Across the last 14 years, there has been a steady decline in the number of admissions mentioning alcohol and cocaine. In 2005, TEDS data indicated that admissions for methamphetamine abuse accounted for approximately 18.5 percent of all admissions.
Across the years for which TEDS data are available, Texas has seen a substantial shift in the constellation of problems present at treatment admission. Alcohol-only admissions have declined from over 22 percent of all admissions in 1992 to just over 12 percent in 2005. Concomitantly, drug-only admissions have increased from 29 percent in 1998 to 52.5 percent in 2005.
Unmet Need for Substance Abuse Treatment in Texas
NSDUH defines unmet treatment need as an individual who meets the criteria for abuse of or dependence on illicit drugs or alcohol according to the DSM-IV, but who has not received specialty treatment for that problem in the past year.
Rates of unmet treatment need for drug or alcohol use in Texas have remained at or below the national rates for all age groups.