What is Solution Focused Therapy
Solution Focused (brief) therapy or SFBT is a goal oriented approach to the psycho-therapeutic change that is administered through direct observation of the clients’ response to a series of precisely constructed questions. SFBT focuses on addressing the present and future. The past is only addressed to a certain degree mainly when communicating empathy and to gain an accurate understanding of the client’s concern.
SFBT is typically a short term form of therapy done to help clients set and develop strategies to reach their goals. Therapists tend to focus on the clients’ goal and the steps necessary to complete them.
How is SFBT used?
Similar to other forms of therapy SFBT is a type of specialized conversation. These conversations are directed toward developing and achieving the client’s vision of their solutions. The techniques of SFBT are used to help the client understand their solutions and the means of accomplishing them.
Some techniques include the following:
1. Miracle Questions (MQ)
This technique is a powerful tool in solution focused therapy. It helps clients to describe small, realistic and do able steps they can take to achieve their goals as soon as the next day. The small steps they describe become the building blocks for a different type of day for clients. They can implement these changes they have created almost immediately to begin a change in behavior.
2. Scaling Questions
Scaling questions are used typically when there is not enough time to carry out MQ. Scaling questions helps clients to assess their own situations, track their progress and evaluate how others may rate them on a scale of 0 to 10. These questions typically inquire about the clients’ motivation, hopefulness, depression, confidence, their progress or other topics that can be used to track their performance.
The complimenting technique is another essential technique of SFBT therapy that validates what clients are doing correctly and acknowledges how difficult their problems are. This encourages the client to change also letting them know that the therapist has been listening and understands.
4. Coping Questions
Coping questions are used to highlight to clients that despite the difficulties they are facing they continue to persevere on. These questions draw to light that even though they may be experiencing despair the clients still get out of bed, go to work or come to this session.
Benefits of Solution Focused Therapy
- Finding solutions to problems clients face
- Improvement within interpersonal relationships
- Reduction in stress, anxiety and depression